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Peter Paul Rubens (June 28, 1577 - May 30, 1640) was a prolific seventeenth-century Flemish Baroque painter, and a proponent of an exuberant Baroque style that emphasized movement, color, and sensuality. He is well-known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects.

In addition to running a large studio in Antwerp which produced paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically-educated humanist scholar, art collector, and diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV, king of Spain, and Charles I, king of England.

Peter Paul Rubens was probably born on June the 28th 1577 in Siegen, Germany. His parents Jan Rubens and Maria Pypelinckx had left the catholic Spanish-dominated city of Antwerp because of their Calvinist sympathies. The family had moved to Cologne with the children. Father Rubens, however, nearly escaped death sentence in Cologne after an affair with the princess of Orange. Mother Rubens managed to have her husband freed and the family accepted to be exiled to Siegen, Westphalia. It was there that the sixth child, Peter Paul, was born.

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Detail from left panel - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Detail from left panel
Night Scene (detail) - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Night Scene (detail)
Descent from the Cross 3 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Descent from the Cross 3
The Birth of Henri IV of France 1628-30 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The Birth of Henri IV of France 1628-30
Twelfth Night or 'The King Drinks' - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Twelfth Night or 'The King Drinks'
Head Of A Bearded Man - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Head Of A Bearded Man
Helene Fourment With Her Children 1635 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Helene Fourment With Her Children 1635
Portrait of a Woman Probably Susanna Lunden - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Portrait of a Woman Probably Susanna Lunden
Nature Adorning the Three Graces - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Nature Adorning the Three Graces
Portrait of Alathea Howard, Countess of Arundel, nee... - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Portrait of Alathea Howard, Countess of Arundel, nee...
Tiberius And Agrippina 1614 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Tiberius And Agrippina 1614
Maximilian I - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Maximilian I
Charles V and the Empress Isabella - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Charles V and the Empress Isabella
St Francis of Assisi before the Crucified Christ 1625 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
St Francis of Assisi before the Crucified Christ 1625
The return to the field (detail) - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The return to the field (detail)
Diana and Callisto 2 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Diana and Callisto 2
Apotheosis of Hercules - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Apotheosis of Hercules
The St Ildefonso Altar (Outer Wings) The Holy Family... - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The St Ildefonso Altar (Outer Wings) The Holy Family...
Sketches - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Sketches
The Gonzaga Family Worshipping the Holy Trinity (detail) - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The Gonzaga Family Worshipping the Holy Trinity (detail)
Christ On The Cross 1620 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Christ On The Cross 1620
Temple Of Janus Study 1635 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Temple Of Janus Study 1635
Study Of A Roman Hero Or Martyr Holding A Lance, Possibly... - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Study Of A Roman Hero Or Martyr Holding A Lance, Possibly...
Diana and Callisto - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Diana and Callisto
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