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Peter Paul Rubens (June 28, 1577 - May 30, 1640) was a prolific seventeenth-century Flemish Baroque painter, and a proponent of an exuberant Baroque style that emphasized movement, color, and sensuality. He is well-known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects.

In addition to running a large studio in Antwerp which produced paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically-educated humanist scholar, art collector, and diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV, king of Spain, and Charles I, king of England.

Peter Paul Rubens was probably born on June the 28th 1577 in Siegen, Germany. His parents Jan Rubens and Maria Pypelinckx had left the catholic Spanish-dominated city of Antwerp because of their Calvinist sympathies. The family had moved to Cologne with the children. Father Rubens, however, nearly escaped death sentence in Cologne after an affair with the princess of Orange. Mother Rubens managed to have her husband freed and the family accepted to be exiled to Siegen, Westphalia. It was there that the sixth child, Peter Paul, was born.

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Twelfth Night or 'The King Drinks' - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Twelfth Night or 'The King Drinks'
Portrait of Alathea Howard, Countess of Arundel, nee... - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Portrait of Alathea Howard, Countess of Arundel, nee...
Head Of A Bearded Man - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Head Of A Bearded Man
Crucifixion - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Crucifixion
Paintings for Maria de Medici, Queen of France, scene... - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Paintings for Maria de Medici, Queen of France, scene...
Helene Fourment With Her Children 1635 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Helene Fourment With Her Children 1635
Maximilian I - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Maximilian I
Portrait of a Woman Probably Susanna Lunden - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Portrait of a Woman Probably Susanna Lunden
Diana and Callisto 2 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Diana and Callisto 2
The return to the field (detail) - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The return to the field (detail)
Charles V and the Empress Isabella - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Charles V and the Empress Isabella
The Miracle of St. Francis Xavier - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The Miracle of St. Francis Xavier
St Francis of Assisi before the Crucified Christ 1625 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
St Francis of Assisi before the Crucified Christ 1625
Tiberius And Agrippina 1614 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Tiberius And Agrippina 1614
Temple Of Janus Study 1635 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Temple Of Janus Study 1635
Christ On The Cross 1620 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Christ On The Cross 1620
Sketches - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Sketches
The St Ildefonso Altar (Outer Wings) The Holy Family... - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The St Ildefonso Altar (Outer Wings) The Holy Family...
Portrait of a Young Scholar - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Portrait of a Young Scholar
Odysseus And Nausicaa 1619 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Odysseus And Nausicaa 1619
Descent from the Cross 2 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Descent from the Cross 2
Diana and Callisto - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Diana and Callisto
The Gonzaga Family Worshipping the Holy Trinity (detail) - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The Gonzaga Family Worshipping the Holy Trinity (detail)
Apotheosis of Hercules - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Apotheosis of Hercules
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