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Peter Paul Rubens (June 28, 1577 - May 30, 1640) was a prolific seventeenth-century Flemish Baroque painter, and a proponent of an exuberant Baroque style that emphasized movement, color, and sensuality. He is well-known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects.

In addition to running a large studio in Antwerp which produced paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically-educated humanist scholar, art collector, and diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV, king of Spain, and Charles I, king of England.

Peter Paul Rubens was probably born on June the 28th 1577 in Siegen, Germany. His parents Jan Rubens and Maria Pypelinckx had left the catholic Spanish-dominated city of Antwerp because of their Calvinist sympathies. The family had moved to Cologne with the children. Father Rubens, however, nearly escaped death sentence in Cologne after an affair with the princess of Orange. Mother Rubens managed to have her husband freed and the family accepted to be exiled to Siegen, Westphalia. It was there that the sixth child, Peter Paul, was born.

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Virgin and Child 1620-24 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Virgin and Child 1620-24
Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints c. 1628 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints c. 1628
Angelica and the Hermit  1630s - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Angelica and the Hermit 1630s
An Autumn Landscape with a View of Het Steen c. 1635 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
An Autumn Landscape with a View of Het Steen c. 1635
The Straw Hat c. 1625 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The Straw Hat c. 1625
Roman Charity 1612 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Roman Charity 1612
Allegory on the Blessings of Peace 1629-30 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Allegory on the Blessings of Peace 1629-30
Head of a Franciscan Friar - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Head of a Franciscan Friar
Descent from the Cross (centre panel) 1612-14 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Descent from the Cross (centre panel) 1612-14
The Landing of Marie de Médicis at Marseilles (detail)... - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The Landing of Marie de Médicis at Marseilles (detail)...
The Head of Medusa c. 1617 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The Head of Medusa c. 1617
The Entombment 1611-12 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The Entombment 1611-12
Mars And Rhea Silvia - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Mars And Rhea Silvia
Immaculate Conception c. 1628 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Immaculate Conception c. 1628
Jupiter and Callisto 1613 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Jupiter and Callisto 1613
The Judgment of Paris c. 1639 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The Judgment of Paris c. 1639
Virgin And Child - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Virgin And Child
St. George Slaying the Dragon - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
St. George Slaying the Dragon
St George Fighting the Dragon 1606-10 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
St George Fighting the Dragon 1606-10
Rubens, his wife Helena Fourment, and their son Peter... - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Rubens, his wife Helena Fourment, and their son Peter...
Aeneas And His Family Departing From Troy - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
Aeneas And His Family Departing From Troy
The Elevation Of The Cross - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The Elevation Of The Cross
The Drunken Silenus c. 1620 - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The Drunken Silenus c. 1620
The Gonzaga Family Worshipping the Holy Trinity 1604... - Peter Paul Rubens - www.peterpaulrubens.org
The Gonzaga Family Worshipping the Holy Trinity 1604...
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